Ubuntu Software Center is a the easiest way to install applications on Ubuntu, but the problem is that it necessarily might not have latest versions. I belong to the Firefox community and I wanted to get the latest version on my Ubuntu. As I’ve had no previous experience of installing/running softwares from their sources that are available in various formats such as .tar.bz, .tar.bz2, etc, it was quite a big task for me – but it turned out to be unexpectedly easy!
- Download Firefox 4.0 for Linux from the Official Site
- Once the download finishes, open the directory and move the file to an appropriate directory which would be the permanent location of your Firefox install. In my case, I’ve made a new directory /usr/local/src/firefox/ for this purpose. You might have to use Nautilus Browser to access the directory with Root Privileges. To do so, Press Alt + F2 and type “gksu nautilus” in the run window.
- Next step is to extract the .tar.bz2 archive. The .tar.bz2 is a compressed archive format, just like .rar or .zip on Windows. You can use the archive manager to extract it to that directory itself, else be geeky and use tar -jxvf filename.tar.bz2 in the Terminal.
- The files will be extracted to a new directory “Firefox” and you can run this version by double-clicking on the “firefox” script that’s located in this directory.
- All you need to do now is replace the old Firefox shortcuts with the new one. You can do so by checking their properties and pointing them to this new “firefox” script file. You have to edit the Command and browse the the new script file. That’s it. I have even replaced the Name with “Firefox 4.0”.
- The new Firefox is all set. Next thing you can do is export old bookmarks and import them to the new version. Or you have an advantage if you were using Firefox Sync just like me. If you were using Firefox Sync, just login with your account from the new Firefox’s options. All your data will be restored in no time. If you haven’t started using Sync yet, I’d strongly recommend you to use it now!